How to Write a Good Literature Review


The introduction clarifies the concentration and builds up the significance of the subject. It talks about what sort of work has been done on the subject and identifies any debates inside the field or any ongoing examination which has brought up issues about before assumptions. It might give a foundation or history. It finishes up with a reason or thesis statement. In an independent literature survey, this announcement will include entirety up and assess the best in class in this field of research; in an audit that is an acquaintance or preliminary with a proposition or research report, it will recommend how the review findings will prompt the exploration the author proposes to attempt.


Frequently partitioned by headings/subheadings, the body summarizes and evaluates the present condition of information in the field. It notes significant subjects or points, the most imperative patterns, and any findings about which specialists agree or disagree. If the review is preliminary to own thesis or research project, its purpose is to make an argument which justifies proposed research. Along these lines, it will discuss just that research which drives specifically to your very own project.


The conclusion summarizes all the proof introduced and demonstrates its significance. If the review is an introduction to your research, it features gaps and demonstrates how past research prompts your very own project and picked methodology. On the off chance that the audit is an independent task for a course, it ought to recommend any viable utilization of the exploration just as the ramifications and conceivable outcomes for future research.

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Nine Steps to Writing a Literature Review

Find a Working Topic

Look and focus at your specific area of the study. Think about what interests you. Talk to your professor, brainstorm idea and read lecture notes and recent issues of periodicals in the field.

  • Using catchphrases look through a PC database. It is best to usA literature review is both a summary and explanation of the total and current condition of information on a limited subject as found in academic books and journal articles. There are two sorts of literature surveys you may compose at university: one that students are approached to compose as an independent task in a course, regularly as a feature of their training in the research processes in their field, and the other that is composed as a component of a prologue to, or readiness for, a more extended work, for the most part a theory or research report.

The concentration and point of view of your review and the sort of theory or thesis arguments you influence will to be controlled by what sort of audit you are composing. One approach to comprehend the contrasts between these two kinds is to peruse distributed writing surveys or the first sections of theories and papers in your own branch of knowledge. Analyse the structure of their arguments and note the way in which they address the issues.

Purpose of the Literature Review

  • It gives readers simple access to research on a subject by choosing superb articles or studies that are relevant, significant, vital and legitimate and summarizing them into one complete report.
  • It gives an excellent beginning stage to analysts starting to do look into in another area by compelling them to summarize, evaluate, and think about unique research in that specific area.
  • It guarantees that analysts don’t copy work that has just been finished.
  • It can give signs concerning where future research is going or prescribe territories on which to focus
  • It features key findings
  • It identifies irregularities, gaps and logical inconsistencies in the literature.
  • It gives a constructive analysis of the techniques and methodologies of different researchers.

Review the Content

e somewhere around two databases relevant to your control.

  • Remember that the reference arrangements of late articles and surveys can prompt important papers
  • Make sure that you likewise incorporate any examinations in opposition to your perspective.

Focus Your Topic Narrowly and Select Papers Accordingly

Think about the accompanying:

  • What interests you?
  • What interests others?
  • What time range of research will you consider?

Pick a zone of research that is expected for a review.

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Read the Selected Articles Thoroughly and Evaluate Them

  • What assumptions do most/a few scientists appear to make?
  • What methodologies do they use? What testing strategies, subjects, material tried?
  • Evaluate and incorporate the examination findings and ends drawn
  • Note specialists in the field: names/labs that are often referenced
  • Note conflicting speculations, results and techniques
  • Watch for the popularity of theories and how this has/has not changed after some time

Completing Touches: Revising and Editing Your Work

  • Make sure that the majority of the references are right and that you are in the proper style for your order. On the off chance that you are unsure which style to utilize, ask your teacher
  • Check to ensure that you have not copied either by neglecting to refer to a wellspring of data or by utilizing words cited straightforwardly from a source.
  • Text ought to be written in a reasonable and compact scholarly style; it ought not to be illustrative or utilize the language of regular discourse
  • There ought to be no grammatical or spelling mistakes.
  • Sentences ought to flow easily and consistently.
  • In a paper in the sciences or a portion of the sociologies, the utilization of subheadings to sort out the survey is suggested.

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